The concept of style was already known in ancient Egypt and Greece, when people decorated their living spaces with wall paintings, vases, statues and other decorative elements. In the course of time, interior styles have undergone some major changes, as they have been influenced by:
- the way people live;
- cultural level;
- religious dogmas;
- personal preferences of rulers as they were models to follow in every country.
No matter how many different methods of decorating there are, all of them are based on a set of characteristics that create a harmonious picture of one particular style. Therefore, a professionally created interior design is always based on a clear understanding of the future style of the premises. Let’s look at the most popular styles that are used for of modern interiors.
Art Deco: what is it?
Art Deco is a relatively young style which emerged around 100 years ago. It was originally designed for the elite, as precious metals and stones, palm wood and mahogany, ivory and other expensive materials were used at that time. Modern interior design style Art Deco includes:
- the use of natural finishing materials;
- no smooth lines in the interior (angularity, sharpness, geometry and even abstraction prevail here);
- contrasts in decoration.
The style combines the seemingly incompatible Egyptian, Greek and African motifs, and it a continuation of a popular Art Nouveau.
Art Nouveau in interior design
This style of interior emerged in Russia in the late 19th century. That’s when people started to design their interiors to meet all their needs and be more comfortable than esthetically beautiful. Art Nouveau is committed to natural colors as well as:
- wavy outlines;
- natural paintings;
- patterns in almost every interior item;
- partial asymmetry;
- unusual arches, doorways and stairways;
- Stained glass.
All the colors used in this style are characterized by natural and restraint shades.
Classical style in the interior
As a complete interior style classicism emerged in the second half of the 18th century. Its typical features are:
- The use of natural materials;
- geometric forms of decoration items;
- wallpaper with floral patterns;
- stucco with Greek motifs on the ceiling;
- parquet with geometric patterns.
Light pastel palette and massive furniture of fine wood are common for the classical style. There cannot be any fancy patterns on the furniture. Only a simple floral design is possible.
Empire style in the interior
Adding more details to a classical style gradually led to the Empire. style. Its birthplace is France of early 19th century when grandeur and military glory were held above comfort and coziness. Typical features of the Empire style are:
- military symbols in the decoration (swords, helmets, etc);
- columns, pilasters and consoles
- massive furniture of strict outlines without rounded corners;
- a canopy over the bed;
- strict symmetry in everything;
- Egyptian and Roman motifs in the decor;
- abundance of mirrors in the rooms
- bright colors with lots of gilding;
- correct arches and openings.
The grandeur of the Empire style is more appropriate in official establishments.
The Baroque style in the interior
This interior style appeared in the 17th century and was popular for about 100 years. It features luxury and grandeur. The following characteristics are typical for Baroque:
- symmetry of interior decoration;
- a large amount of gold and stucco;
- fabric or marble wall decoration;
- abundance of mirrors and paintings in massive golden frames;
- canopies and fireplaces in the rooms;
- furniture with curved legs, decorated with intricate carving and curls.
A private interior designer while working with Baroque should remember that each surface in the room carries a meaning and should be decorated with mosaics, stucco, paintings and other decorative elements.
Rococo in the interior
Interior design in this style emerged in the 18th century. It was based on Baroque but added some lightness and intimacy to it. Rococo features include:
- a minimum of straight lines in the design;
- Curved furniture;
- room decoration in blue, light green, pink and white colors with an abundance of gold;
- folding screens and boudoirs creating an intimate atmosphere;
- a lot of mirrors;
- expensive fabrics on the walls and windows.
Chinese and Indian motifs are also common for this style.
Egyptian style in the interior design
This Egyptian style design project дhas an abundance of patterns. However, the overall look of the room depends more on the owner’s preferences than on the specific rules of the Egyptian interior. In this room you can find:
- an abundance of frescoes and murals on the walls and ceiling (sometimes they are on the floor as well);
- asymmetrical planning;
- internal columns, half-columns, arches and niches
- decoration with figurines, clay vessels;
- carpets and woven mats.
Common colors for this style are yellow and orange which are sometimes supplemented by blue and green.
Original ethnic style in the interior
An Ethnic interior usually has some elements typically inherent for a people of a culture of design. The most popular types of ethnic style interiors are:
Regardless of the chosen national culture, an ethnic style is rich in decoration items and natural finishing materials.
Pragmatic hi-tech style in the interior
Originated in the late 20th century, the style of hi-tech is characterized by its proximity to the high technology and modern design. Here you can see:
- straight lines;
- synthetic finishes, as well as plastic, concrete, glass, metals, and even bricks;
- predominance of silver-metallic shades;
- minimum of furniture in the room;
- blinds and screens on the windows.
Only photographs and graphic paintings in strict frames look appropriate in this interior.
Constructivism style in the interior
Constructivism (also known as functionalism) is a contemporary style, which appeared in the first half of the 20th century and became a progenitor of the high-tech style. Initially, it emerged after the 1917 revolution in Russia, as a negation of the desire for luxury in favor of functionality. Therefore, a design in the style of constructivism is minimalistic, and instead an emphasis is placed on usefulness and comfort.
Contrast postmodernism interior
This style emerged in the 70s of the 20th century and still has fans among creative people. It is used for apartments, restaurants, clubs, beauty salons and offices. Postmodernism is based on the contrast of cultures, colors, lines and textures. For example, you can find:
- straight and sinuous lines;
- bright and pale shades;
- Ceramic figurines and abstract prints.
Postmodernism interiors look realistic and very original.
Minimalist Japanese style
The Japanese prefer to live in harmony with nature, so they do not overload their homes with different things. They have only necessary furniture and accessories. A Japanese style interior has:
- wardrobes with sliding doors, built-in niches;
- geometrical shapes;
- predominance of monochrome shades;
- natural finishing materials;
- a minimum of furniture.
Among the rare trinkets that adorn a Japanese style room, you can see flower arrangements, netsuke figurines, painted paper fans and bonsai.
This style does not have any precise features typical for this style. It combines several styles. It is not recommended to combine more than 2 or 3 styles. For example, a combination of Baroque and Empire guarantees a perfect interior, but attempts to mix Empire and hi-tech will inevitably lead to failure.
Medieval gothic style
It emerged in the 12th century. It didn’t look like any other; it did not imitate any existing style. Typically, these house interiors include:
- tall wooden furniture decorated with carvings;
- pointed arches;
- tall window;
- heavy wooden doors;
- marble fireplaces;
- massive chests and vintage chandeliers.
It’s very difficult to design a modern apartment in a Gothic style, so only some elements of this style can be used in an apartment interior.
Spacious loft: what is it?
The origin of the style is based on the economy. People were forced into using abandoned warehouses, factories and other premises with a large area for living. The features of this design are:
- no partitions (dividing space into functional areas by using furniture and other design techniques);
- simplicity and functionality of the furniture;
- windows of large sizes;
- Brick ledges, rough plaster, metal pipes, ventilation systems outright, etc;
- decoration of the premises with non-standard accessories (graffiti, posters and other items).
Loft-style rooms may look different, but the main features are their spaciousness and good lighting.